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Research Article | Volume 1 Issue 3 (May, 2020)
Affiliations of Verb Tense, Sentence Pattern and Language Style Shifts in the Noble Qur’an: Some Deep Linguistic Intuitiveness
Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access
Published
Oct. 21, 2020
Abstract
This small-scale study explores the extent to which the Qur‟anic discourse shifts verb tense, sentence pattern, and language style. It aims to describe, interpret, and explain the linguistic factors lying behind these switches. The study benefits from corpus linguistics through which a concordance of specific key words in context (KWIC) is used to collect data. The study applies a critical discourse analysis (CDA) approach. Therefore, it builds on van Dijk‟s (1998) model of analysis. It has been found that the Qur‟anic discourse tends to shift the tense to present time when arguing for certain themes including mainly martyrdom and prisoner taking. The Qur‟anic discourse also applies three modes of sentence pattern: OVS, VSO, and VOS. On the rhetorical level of the Qur‟anic discourse, the OVS pattern is exclusively used t o organize sub-topics; the frequent VSO is referentially used to provide knowledge about sub-topics, and the VOS mode is essentially applied to meet norms of polite address. The Qur‟anic discourse uses three types of language style: nominal, verbal and mixed. The nominal style is selected to package meaning; the verbal to develop relations between arguments and the mixed to help connote specific feelings about certain predicates under discussion. Consequently, it has been concluded that the Qur‟anic discourse shifts the tense to maintain life for war fighters from both sides, the clause pattern to meet both rhetorical and pragmatic criteria, and finally the style to load and implicate meaning
Keywords
The Qur‟anic Discourse
Language Styles
Sentence Patterns
Inflectional Morphology
Pragma-stylistics.
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