Urbanization and Its Impact on Water Resources (A Case Study of Aizawl City, Mizoram, India)
In order to understand the urban water problem it is necessary to analyse the pattern of population growth and development of the City. Water demands are a function of the size of the population on the one hand and its lifestyle and activities on the other. Over the years, the amount of fresh water available per capita has been decreasing due to increasing population. High population density and rapid urbanization have severe consequences for the natural environment. The anthropogenic activity of the population far exceeds the infrastructure capacity of the City, leading to the deterioration of the urban environment. The reason for water problem in the study area is the tremendously increasing rate of population. While it may be one of the reasons, water scarcity in the study area is also the culmination of myopic planning, muddled policies and misguided perceptions.
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