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Author Guideline

We appreciate your interest in IAR Journal of Humanities and Social Science. IAR Journal of Humanities and Social Science; ISSN Online: 2708-6267; ISSN Print: 2708-6259and Open Access is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed, open access academic and research journal published by the Kenya-based International Academic & Research Consortium. In all areas of the Education & Literature, this journal publishes original research articles, review articles, case studies, editorial comments, and other scientific studies. IARJHSS abides by the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics and the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Business Journals issued by the International Academic Research Consortium (IARC). Please use the following instructions to assist you in creating your text.


About the Journal      

IAR Journal of Humanities and Social Science” Abbreviated Key Title: IAR  Jr Human Soc Sci.; ISSN Online: 2708-6267; ISSN Print: 2708-6259 (Online) Open Access is peer reviewed, Bi-Monthly, open access Academic and Research Journal Published by Inlight Publisher, Kuwait. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Case Studies, Editorial Comments and other scientific studies within all the fields of Humanities and Social Science fields

IAR Journal of Humanities and Social Science aims to promote genuine research in the fields of education, Arabic language, literature and linguistics. This is a blind peer reviewed and international scholarly journal. This journal accepts high quality manuscripts for publication. The journal is open access and accepts original, innovative and novel work from Scholars, Drs, Teachers, Professors, Researchers, Sociologist and Analysts from all over the world.

Anthropology, Business studies, Communication studies, Corporate governance, Criminology, Crosscultural studies, Demography,Development studies, Economics, Education, Ethic, Geography, History, Industrial relations, Information science, International relations, Library science, Linguistics, Literature, Media studies, Methodology, Paralegal, Performing arts, Philosophy, Political science, Population studies, Psychology, Public administration, Social welfare, Sociology, Visual arts, Women studies.

For more about our journal, please see: About page of the journal


Manuscript categories

Word limit


Key words

Main text


Tables and Figures

Structure template

Original Article

No limit

Structured with Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; 200~350 words


Structured as Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions; Require a highlight box

No limit

No limit


Review Article

6,000 max.

Unstructured, except for some certain types; 200-350 words


Structured as Introduction, Main Body (require discussing on strengths and limitations of the review), and Conclusions

No limit

No limit


-Systematic Review

6,000 max.

Structured with Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; 200~350 words


Structured as Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions; Require a highlight box

No limit

No limit


Case Series

2,500 max.

Structured with Background, Case Description, and Conclusions; 200~350 words


Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, and Conclusions; Require a highlight box

20 max.

8 max.


Case Report

2,500 max.

Structured with Background, Case Description, and Conclusions; 200~350 words


Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, and Conclusions; Require a highlight box

20 max.

8 max.



2,500 max.

Not required



25 max.

2 max.


Editorial Commentary

2,500 max.

Not required



25 max.

2 max.


Letter to the Editor

1,000 max.

Not required

Not required


10 max.

1 max.



Original Article

Original articles are articles that report the results of original research investigations. Original articles must have originality and clinical impact.

Word limit: there is no fixed word limit for research articles, but authors must use the most concise language possible, as well as succinct, structured sentences. The word count for the main text (excluding the abstract, references, tables, boxes, or figures) should be provided when the manuscript is submitted.

Abstract: 200~350 words structured with the subheadings Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

Key words: 3~5.

Main text: Original articles should organize the main text in Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions: In addition, original articles are required to contain a box that highlights the key findings and potential impacts.

References: No limit.

Figures/Tables: No limit, but 10 figures are deemed sufficient.

Author Contributions: Original articles should include a section describing the contribution made by each author to the manuscript.

Please be aware that only systematic reviews that include meta-analysis will be classified as original articles; all other systematic reviews will be classified as review articles. In addition, articles that use patient data are classified as Case Reports when there are three or fewer patients, Case Series when there are four to nine patients, and Original Articles when there are ten patients and statistical analysis is present (the article format should refer to Original Article).

Reporting Checklist

Apart from following the general format as indicated above, Original Articles should be prepared according to the EQUATOR research reporting guidelines, as some commonly used guidelines listed below, and each submission should include a checklist (a reformatted version has been created for the journal) as a supplementary material. The relevant page/line and section/paragraph number in the manuscript should be stated for each item in the checklist. A statement should be included at the end of the “Introduction” to indicate which reporting checklist was followed (e.g., “We present the following article in accordance with the CONSORT reporting checklist.”). requirements.

Study Type


Download Checklist (reformatted for the journal)

Randomized controlled trial

CONSORT (CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials)

CONSORT Checklist

Nonrandomized design

TREND (Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs)

TREND Checklist

Observational studies in Epidemiology

STROBE (STrengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology)

STROBE Checklist

Diagnostic accuracy study

STARD (STAndards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies)

STARD Checklist

Systematic review or meta-analysis

PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)

PRISMA Checklist

Animal research

ARRIVE Guidelines

ARRIVE Checklist

Prediction Model Development and Validation

TRIPOD Guidelines

TRIPOD Checklist

*Authors may refer to the Extensions to the CONSORT Statement based on the specific study type; if a particular study type has not been included in the above list, authors can find more reporting guidelines on EQUATOR Network (https://www.equator-network.org/) and should indicate upon submission which guideline has been followed and provide related reporting checklist if available.

Selection and Description of Participants

In study articles, the process of selection for observational or experimental subjects (healthy individuals or patients, including controls) should be clearly set out in the methods section. Any eligibility or exclusion criteria should be provided, along with a description of the population from which the subjects were sourced. Ideally, representative populations should be included in all study types and characteristics (such as age, sex, or ethnicity) of the study population should be described. Terms relating to sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors) should be used correctly, and the sex and/or gender of the human participants, or the sex of animals or cells, should be reported, except where this is not appropriate. The methods used to classify sex and gender should also be described, where relevant. If the study focused on a specific population (e.g., only females), unless the reason is obvious (e.g., cervical cancer), the authors should explain their reasoning for this. For race and ethnicity, authors should describe how these were determined, and their relevance to the study should be explained. Study subjects should be described in the most neutral, exact, and respectful language possible. Any language that might cause the stigmatization of subjects must be avoided.

 Research Resource Identifiers (RRID)
IARJHSS is pleased to be a part of the Research Resource Identification Initiative, a project aimed at clearly identifying key research resources, aka materials, used in the course of scientific experiments. These include antibodies, cell lines, model organisms, and software tools. To help authors quickly find the correct identifiers for their materials there is a single web site (https://scicrunch.org/resources) where all resource types can be found and a 'cite this' button next to each resource that contains proper citation text that should be included in the methods section of the manuscript. Several examples of properly formatted methods sections with RRIDs can be found below:

Review Article
Review articles are articles that identify, synthesize and summarize existing evidence and information on a specific topic. Review articles should present a timely, comprehensive analysis of a specific topic. We welcome the submission of proposals for review articles for initial consideration.
Word limit: 6,000 words max, including an abstract but excluding references, tables, and figures. 
Abstract: 200~350 words. Unstructured, except for certain some certain types of reviews, e.g., systematic reviews without meta-analysis, scoping reviews, and narrative reviews. 
Key words: 3~5.
Main text: Structured as Introduction, Main Body, and Conclusions. Some reviews require a Methods section, such as systematic reviews, scoping reviews and narrative/ literature reviews. It is important to note that we require that the main body of a review also contain a discussion on main strengths and limitations to inform the reader of a more objective understanding of the information in the review. In addition, systematic reviews and scoping reviews are required to contain a box that highlights the key findings and potential impacts.

References: No limit, except for mini-reviews. 

Figures/Tables: No limit, except for mini-reviews.

Author Contributions: Review articles should include a section describing the contribution made by each author to the manuscript.

Ethical Statement: When a review documents any image(s) or video(s) involving human subjects or animals, the authors must indicate an ethical statement both in the methods section and the footnote.

Besides the conventional review article, there are some typical classifications of review article listed below, which may entail the conformation with a reporting guideline. 

A mini-review often provides a fairly brief summary of experience, literature, techniques, or other issues. Though a mini-review is far less comprehensive than a systematic review, scoping review, narrative review, or clinical practice review, it is concise with minimal text to target valuable topics or emerging topics that have not yet been extensively researched.

Word limit: 3,000 words max, excluding an abstract, references, tables and figures.
Abstract: Unstructured within 200~350 words.

Main text: Unstructured.

References: 30 max.

Figures/Tables: 3 max.

Letter to the Editor
We welcome the submission of letters regarding the content of the journal or other topics of interest to our readers. The journal may invite replies from the authors of the original publication, or forward letters to these authors. Correspondence is also referred to as a ‘Letter to the Editor’.

Word limit: 1,000 words max., excluding references, tables, and figures.

Abstract: Not required.

Key words: Not required.
Main text: Unstructured.
References: 10 max.
Figures and Tables: 1 max.
Ethical Statement: See the “3.5.5 Ethical Statement” section for details.

In general, IARJHSS does not accept articles that fall outside the above-mentioned categories. If you have any questions regarding the article category for submission to IARJHSS, please contact the Editorial Office at: editor@iarconsortium.org


The length of manuscripts must adhere to the specifications under the section “MANUSCRIPT CATEGORIES”.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) Title page; (ii) abstract and keywords; (iii) the main text; (iv) Acknowledgments; (v) Footnote; (vi) References; (vii) Tables; (viii) Figures; (ix) Videos; (x) Figure Legends; (xi)Supplementary material.

The authors are advised to follow below guidelines

Language: Papers are accepted in English or as per the nature of the Journal submission

Page format: The manuscripts should be prepared as Microsoft-word documents in Times New Roman (font size 10) on A4 size leaving the margins of 1 inch on all four sides in single column. The line spacing should be single- spaced including references and tables. Tables and Figures should be in their respective position in manuscript with title of Table/Legends of Figure. Articles should be within 30 printable pages. Extra pages will be charged. The manuscript should be in single word file, which contains the title page following full manuscript. The title page contains title of the manuscript, all author names and their corresponding affiliations as well as complete mailing address, telephone and E-mail. The designated corresponding author must be identified by an asterisk. The full length Research Articles should be arranged using the following headings; Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Experimental section, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement (optional) and References. The Review, Short Communications, Essay, Book reviews should follow the standard method as requirement.

Abstract: It should not exceed 250 words in a single paragraph and not required sub-headings and should be a brief summary of the work carried out including the objectives of the study, the techniques used and what was accomplished in a concise manner.

Keywords: It should contain up to 6-10 key terms related to the work separated by commas.

Introduction: It should represent the background significance, brief survey of the previous works, purpose, scope and novelty of the research work and should not have subheadings. Experimental Section/Material and Methods: Sufficient information in detail regarding the materials and the methods used to carry out the research works (analytical, statistical and experimental procedures) should be mentioned to enable the others to repeat the authors work. Source of chemicals and drugs, animals used, ethical committee permission should be mentioned.

Results and Discussion: It should contain summary of the research, results, interpretations, speculations and assessment of future research or prospects.

Conclusion: It should include outcome of the work, important findings and your view(s).

Acknowledgements (if any): It should have the brief information regarding any research grant support or the assistance of colleagues or institutions.

References: They should be arranged at the end of the manuscript in order of their appearance the text. The references should be presented in bracket as et al. in e.g., Single Author (Raju M, 2018), Multiple ( Raju M et al, 2018) in the text. They should be arranged at the end of the manuscript in order of their appearance the text. References should follow the APA Citation Style.

For Examples

Articles in journals, magazines, and newspapers
References to periodical articles must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), and page numbers.

Journal article (one author)
Alex, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 110(1), 221-232.

Journal article, more authors,
Smale, M. J. (1985). Aspects of the biology of Argyrosomus hololepidotus and Atractoscion aequidens (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae) in waters of the south-eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Marine Science, 3(1), 63-75.

Article from an Internet-only journals
Hirtle, P. B. (2008, July-August). Copyright renewal, copyright restoration, and the difficulty of determining copyright status. D-Lib Magazine, 14(7/8).

Magazine article, in print
Kluger, J. (2008, January 28). Why we love. Time, 171(4), 54-60.
Newspaper article, no author, in print
As prices surge, Thailand pitches OPEC-style rice cartel. (2008, May 5). The Wall Street Journal, p. A9.

References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.

No Author or editor, in print
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2003). Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster.

One author, in print
Kidder, T. (1981). The soul of a new machine. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Company.

Two authors, in print
Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Edited book
Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Young, R. F. (2007). Crossing boundaries in urban ecology: Pathways to sustainable cities (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. (UMI No. 327681)

Essays or chapters in edited books
Hammond, K. R., & Adelman, L. (1986). Science, values, and human judgment. In H. R. Arkes & K. R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgement and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader (pp. 127-143). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Encyclopedias or dictionaries and entries in an encyclopedia
Sadie, S., & Tyrrell, J. (Eds.). (2002). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (2nd ed., Vols. 1-29). New York, NY: Grove.

Article from an online encyclopedia
Containerization. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from http://search.eb.comFootnote

Reporting Checklist
For articles written in accordance with specific reporting guidelines, the author must include the “Reporting Checklist” section in the footnote and indicate, “The authors have completed the XXXX reporting checklist.”

If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the author’s completed checklist will be published online alongside the manuscript.

Data Sharing Statement
If an original article includes any data that are not publicly available, the authors are required to fill in a data-sharing statement form, which should be submitted along with their manuscript. If the article is accepted for publication, the Data Availability Statement (form) will be published online alongside the article. The data sharing statement form can be downloaded here.

Peer Review File
With a commitment to openness and accountability, and to increase the level of transparency throughout our peer review process, IARJHSS has decided to implement a transparent peer review process as an option for all manuscripts submitted to the journal.

The practice will see the inclusion of a “peer review file” (a record of reviewer reports and author replies) in the footnote of the corresponding article. The peer review file will be published online (only) along with the article.

Conflicts of Interest
All authors will be asked to fill in the IARC’s unified disclosure form (the latest version). Each author should submit a separate form and is responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the submitted information. The corresponding author should use the information in the form completed by each author to create the COI statement for the manuscript. The statement (but not the forms) must be included along with the submission. The statement should include the initials of the author along with the conflicts of interest. The following examples show the format in which the Conflicts of Interest statement should appear in the manuscript:

“Conflicts of Interest: All authors have completed the IARC uniform disclosure form. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.”

“Conflicts of Interest: All authors have completed the IARC uniform disclosure form. KSS and VS are former employees of Scanco Medical AG. NV is a current employee of Scanco Medical AG. The other authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.”

If the paper is accepted, the completed IARC’s unified disclosure forms will be required and will be published alongside the article.

Ethical Statement
Statement #A is a must for every article, followed by statement #B.
Statement #B should be described 
based on whether the specific content of the article requires an additional ethical statement; both in the Methods section and the “Ethical Statement” section of Footnote.
Statement #C should be noted as it is related to Inform Consent.

#A. (a Must) Statement for every article

Please note that all articles submitted to our journal must include an Ethical Statement in Footnote, containing the following wording: “The authors are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

#B. The specific content of the article requires an additional ethical statement 

(a) Human Experiments

For research involving human experiments, the article must include a statement that ethical approval was obtained (or a statement that it was not required and why), including the name of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s), the number/ID of the approval(s), and a statement that the participants gave informed consent before taking part (or a statement that it was not required and why).

(b) Animal Experiments
For any experiments involving animals, the authors must indicate the nature of the ethical review permissions, relevant licenses (e.g., Animal [Scientific Procedures] Act 1986), and national or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals by which the research was conducted. Describe this information in both the “Method” section and the “Ethical Statement” section on Footnote. For example:

Ethical Statement: The authors are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Experiments were performed under a project license (NO.: the license number) granted by institutional/regional/national ethics/committee/ethics board of *******, in compliance with ******* national or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals.

(c) Case Report and Case Series
Whenever possible, signed consent should be obtained from the patient (or their parent/guardian) to write and publish a Case Report or Case Series. This is particularly important where the unique nature of the incident being reported makes it possible for the subject to be identified (such as when the patient is over 100 years old; the manuscript has photographs or images or has a rare disease). Beyond that, please keep patient details anonymous whenever possible, for example, occupations unrelated to the disease/condition. If informed consent cannot be obtained, for example, if the patient has passed away and the author is unable to obtain signed consent from the guardian or family of the deceased patient, the authors need to state that they have made the best efforts to contact the relative and that the article has been sufficiently anonymized to cause no harm to the patient or his or her family.

#C. Inform Consent
Written informed consent for the publication of details relating to an individual person must be obtained from that person (or their parent or legal guardian in the case of children under 18) for all manuscripts that include images, details, or videos. The consent must be for publication of their details under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) (such that they will be freely available on the internet). If the person has deceased, consent for publication must be acquired from their next of family. A statement that written informed consent for publication was obtained must be included in the manuscript.

To get consent for publication, authors can use the consent form (download the form for patient or the form for participant) or a consent form from their own institution or region, if suitable.

Copyright: If the figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the publisher) authorizing the reproduction of the material must be attached to the covering letter

Patient Privacy: Where illustrations include recognizable individuals, living or deceased, great care must be taken to ensure that consent for publication has been given (see “Ethical Statement”). A statement like “This image is published with the patient/participant’s consent.” should be included at the end of the figure legend. Patient anonymity should be preserved. Nonessential identifying details should be omitted. For example, photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects from being recognized and the eyes and eyebrows (at a minimum) must be masked using Coarse Pixilation to make the individual unrecognizable. However, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are deidentified, authors should provide assurance that such changes do not distort scientific meaning. 


Regardless of the article type, the presentation of data in your article should follow the SAMPL guidelines for statistics, as shown in detail, linked to: https://www.equator-network.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/SAMPL-Guidelines-3-13-13.pdf Of note:


APA Style
APA Style originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers convened and sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style guidelines, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension. They published their guidelines as a seven-page article in Psychological Bulletin describing a “standard of procedure, to which exceptions would doubtless be necessary, but to which reference might be made in cases of doubt” (Bentley et al., 1929, p. 57).

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207-217. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185

Parenthetical citation: (Grady et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Grady et al. (2019)’

IARJHSS only publishes articles written in English. British or American spelling is acceptable but must be consistent throughout. We recommend language polish for non-native speaker authors.

Data Citation
We are committed to improving openness, transparency, and reproducibility of research, and believe research data citation through standard reference lists offers an easy way to access data for reproducible research.

To support best practice in data citation, IARCON has endorsed the FORCE11 Data Citation Principles (https://www.force11.org/datacitationprinciples). According to the FORCE11 Data Citation Principles, data can be cited in the same way as article, book, and web citations, and authors are required to include data citations as part of their reference list.

Data citation is applicable for data held within institutional, subject-focused, or more general data repositories. When citing or making claims based on data, authors should refer to the data at the relevant place in the main text of the manuscript and include a formal citation in the reference list. We recommend the format proposed in the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles.

Below is an example of an in-text data citation:

[dataset] Authors; Year; Dataset title; Data repository or archive; Version (if any); Persistent identifier (e.g., DOI)

“[dataset]” should be included immediately before the reference so it can be properly identified as a data reference.

Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should appear right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols. For example:

 Abbreviations and Symbols
Use as few abbreviations as possible, as too many abbreviations increase readers' reading load, slow down reading, and make comprehension more difficult. When abbreviations are considered, use only standard abbreviations. All abbreviations should be defined when they are first used in the text unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement and a list of full terms should be provided in the manuscript.


For specification, please refer to: https://www.iarconsortium.org/copy-right-informations


For specification, please refer to: https://www.iarconsortium.org/review-process/


For specification, please refer to: https://www.iarconsortium.org/apc/

Page proofs will be sent to the author via e-mail. Page proofs should be returned within three working days, preferably by e-mail. Corrections should be marked on the actual proof and provided in a numbered list. Lengthy additions should be avoided but, when necessary, should be provided in an MS Word file with explicit instructions regarding placement.

Authors will be sent a free URL link to the published online article for their personal use. Authors who wish to purchase hard-copy offprints should fill in the offprint order form, which will be sent with the author’s proof. Orders should be sent to the Editorial Office. Orders for reprints should be sent to the Publisher’s Office.


All articles are submitted and the entire review process is managed electronically through the OJS system (https://www.iarconsortium.org/track-your-manuescript/), which has been developed to provide authors with a straightforward online submission process.

For any questions, please contact our Editorial Office by e-mail: editor@iarconsortium.org


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